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      【備考】職稱英語詞匯:常用前/后綴

       表示時間的前綴:

        1.fore-:before 前、預先

        forecast v.& n.預測;預示

        例句:

        Such events may forecast an outbreak of war.

        這些事件可能預示著戰爭的爆發。

        foretell v.預言;預告

        例句:

        We can't foretell how the world will end.

        我們不能預言世界將如何終結。

        foreground n.前景

        例句:

        The figure in the foreground is the artist's mother.

        圖畫前景中的人是畫家的母親。

        foresee vt.預見;預知

        例句:

        It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.

        預見這一行動可能產生的后果是困難的。

        2.pre-:before 之前

        prehistory n.史前

        例句:

        In the long period,the researches of prehistory are abundant.

        在漫長的時間長河中,對于史前文明的研究可謂浩瀚如星海。

        prerequisite n.先決條件;

        例句:

        Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.

        良好的自尊心是幸福生活的先決條件。

        prelude n.序言前奏曲;序幕

        例句:

        The rural reform has opened the prelude of China's reform and opening-up.

        農村改革揭開了中國改革開放的序幕。

        3.pro-:預先的

        prologue n.序言,序幕;

        例句:

        The prologue of the book is a famous writer.

        這本書的序言是由一個著名作家寫的。

        prophet n.先知,預言家

        E.g.He holds the belief that he is a latter-day prophet.

        他深信自己是當代先知。

        4.post-:after 之后

        postwar n.戰后

        例句:

        During the postwar years in Germany,many honors were heaped upon Einstein.

        在戰后的歲月里,愛因斯坦在德國得到了種種榮譽。

        postgraduate n.研究生

        例句:

        She has satisfied the entrance requirements for a postgraduate.

        她符合研究生入學條件。

        5.retro-:back往后的

        retrograde adj.倒退的

        例句:

        This is,as far as we're concerned,a real retrograde step for human rights.

        對我們而言,這是在人權問題上真正倒退的一步。

        retrospect v.& n.回顧

        例句:

        It was,in retrospect,the happiest day of her life.

        回想起來,那是她一生*幸福的日子。

        常用名詞后綴:

        1.-an:

        electrician n.電工;電氣技師

        例句:

        The electrician took the houselights down.

        電工將劇場中觀眾席上的燈光減弱了一點。

        physician n.[醫] 醫師,內科醫師

        例句:

        He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.

        他喜歡當外科醫生而不愿作內科醫生。

        2.-ant,-ent:

        applicant n.申請人

        例句:

        The job applicant must have good verbal skills.

        應聘這份工作的人必須具有良好的語言表達技能。

        correspondent n.通信者

        例句:The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.

        這家報紙有個外國通訊記者。

        3.-ard:

        coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人

        例句:

        She accused her husband of being a coward.

        她指責自己的丈夫是個膽小鬼。

        drunkard n.酒鬼,醉漢

        例句:

        That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.

        那個醉漢把空瓶扔了出來。

        4.-ee:

        employee n.雇員

        例句:

        The boss dismissed that employee.

        老板解雇了那個雇員。

        examinee n.應試者

        例句:

        It required that every examinee put down his/her name on the answer sheet.

        要求所有考生都把自己的姓名寫在答題紙上。

        5.-eer:

        pioneer n.開拓者,先鋒

        例句:

        Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.

        李大釗是中國革命的先驅。

        volunteer n.志愿者

        例句:

        She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.

        她現在作為一名志愿者每周三天在當地一所學校幫忙。

        6.-er,-or:

        manufacturer n.制造商

        例句:

        All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.

        所有商品均標明了生產廠家的地址。

        survivor n.幸存者

        例句:

        Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.

        官方說這次飛機失事無一人生還。

        7.-ese:

        Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中國人;漢語

        例句:

        Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.

        不論你到哪里,記住你是中國人。

        Japan + ese→Japanese n.日本人;日語

        例句:

        Not only did he speak English well,but he spoke Japanese more easily.

        他不但英語說得好,就連日語也講得輕松自如。

        8.-(r)ess:

        host+ ess→hostess n.女主人

        例句:

        The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.

        女主人熱忱地歡迎我們。

        act+ ress→actress n.女演員

        例句:

        The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.

        目前這位著名女演員正在首都劇場演出。

        9.-ian:

        logic+ ian→logician n.邏輯學家

        例句:

        As the founder of pragmatism,firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.

        作為實用主義的鼻祖,皮爾士首先和主要是一位邏輯學家。

        mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.數學家

        例句:

        Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.

        愛因斯坦被列為高等數學家。

        10.-ist:

        drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.劇作家

        例句:

        Shakespeare is,by common consent,the greatest English dramatist.

        莎士比亞被公認是英國*偉大的劇作家。

        dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科醫生

        例句:

        The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.

        牙醫告誡這男孩不要吃太多糖果。

        11.-ster:

        young+ ster→youngster n.年輕人

        例句:

        That youngster works with a will.

        這小伙子干活有股傻勁兒。

        gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒

        例句:

        The police are hard on the track of the gangster.

        警察正在追蹤那名匪徒。


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